Process

Analysing a single house is not very simple as it seems and it takes time to understand the small details. So I mean it is a process and it will take time. In my previous post, I said that I was going to post the plans of my design, however let me start by explaining the spatial relations of spaces for the use of an individual inhabitant.

In Moriyama Apartments by SANAA, there are several blocks and each is for designed for a different purpose. Actually, the client can live in those blocks and once he get bored he can move to the other space, but also he can rent the blocks to other. Therefore, here, privacy gains a bigger important, and the architects provide privacy not by using enclosed spaces, on the contrary there are lots of big openings for to use sunlight in the maximum efficiency. However the openings are placed very neatly, so nobody will be interrupted by their neighbor. So, to understand the organisation of the openings, I analysed each floor plan individually and then superimposed them.

Superinpose-1

So in this condition, if two different blocks have openings which see each other, then to provide privacy, the floors also have to be in different level. Thus, because the distance in between those blocks are very small, nobody will feel like they are being watched. (Floor plan and the first plan are superimposed. The grey zone is being zoomed to provide better information of the defined condition.)

Need to state that, there is two conditions were the openings can face each other.

Analyese of the openings_1.jpg

If the two spaces are combined, then the openings can face each other to provide access.

Analyese of the openings_2.jpg

Here, the openings do not directly face each other, however they see other. Also, we must consider the distance between the blocks. Because they are far away from each other, no one will see the interior.

new doc 49

If there is openings on the facades which face each other, the opening should be looking directly to the interior. By shifting one opening, that shifted one will face the borders of the other spaces facade. Windows opposite is offset.

Other openings in the design which is not contrary  of the above are acceptable. An opening can look the street, an opening can see the garden, if only if, the opening is not interrupting other block’s interior.

In M House there are several openings, light wells, used as to provide daylight in the interior, and there are 3 light wells in M House. One is differentated with it’s scale. The big light well devides the two main space and on the other hand, it is used as conneting the two main spaces. In the image above, the colored parts of the plans and the sections show the relations a light well provides. So in my design, the light wells are going to differantiate each of the spaces which are going to be used by an individual. In my design, as it was in M House, the light wells are also used as servant spaces. It containes the staircase.

I’ll arrange my spaces refering to these conditions. My next post will contain the drawings and the model of the M House.

Post Pre-jury Revision

After the pre jury, I re-analysed my references and considered the problematic parts of my design. Briefly,  I said that I refered to Atrium House by Erkut Şahinbaş and adapted the spatial organization to my design, how the courtyard was being a central open space, the heart of the house, and every time if one chances his location, he will have to pass through the courtyard. However, this wasn’t quite sufficient, therefore I also analysed Chinese courtyards and their evolution in time.

Ying Liu and Adenrele Awotona says that:

The courtyard house, a residential compound with buildings surrounding a courtyard on four (or sometimes three) sides, has been representative of housing patterns for over one thousand years in China. It has been a historical heritage deeply rooted to the specific Chinese traditions and culture. From the collapse of the last imperial dynasty (1911) to the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (1949), China underwent a series of wars which entailed destructive impacts on the development of the courtyard houses. Due to some inappropriate policies after 1949, most traditional houses faced changes and deterioration. In addition, there has been a tendency since the 1980s to excessively replace the traditional courtyard houses by multi-storey buildings. All of  this has seriously affected the cultural continuity of the traditional Chinese housing form.

From the 1990s, some housing projects have been initiated in Beijing and are called redevelopment and renewal of dilapidated traditional residential areas. Some new types of courtyard houses have been explored in an attempt to balance the house shortage and the social inheritance due to the rapid growth of population. The construction principles of traditional courtyard houses are being utilised to set the new courtyard house system.

So in my design referring to the traditional  courtyard system, I had 3 courtyards and had a spatial order similar to the hierarchical order in Chinese courtyard houses. Courtyards houses are organised according to the hierarchical order of a family again refering to their hierarchical order in society.

The spatial organisation of a house compound and the arrangement of the important buildings were designed in the following way. The most honoured buildings were located in the core quarter with the highest roof and biggest size in the whole compound and were placed to the north of a central axis. The core quarter was provided for the older generation. Following the order, the building for the “executive” householder was in the inner quarter before the core quarter. The outer quarter was built for servants and guests and was open to all family members. Under the influence of Confucian rules, the arrangement of the traditional Chinese courtyard houses strongly reflected the hierarchical order prevalent in Chinese society and strictly governed human relationships in feudal society. Conversely, the form of the courtyard house influenced and reinforced the rigidly patriarchal life-style and the thoughts of all the family members, and also encouraged emphasis and enforcement of the Confucian idea regarding the importance of the orderly family as the basis for a harmonious and peaceful world.

China_courtyard-house_diagram

Siheyuan style

So, once you enter the house, there is an open space which acts like a transition space and directs you to other two open spaces, one on the east and the other on the west. These will orient one to  the outer courtyard or the west and east side rooms. The outer courtyard is used by sons and the daughters, especially the kids. The other courtyard which is more central one when we compare with the outer courtyard is the inner courtyard which is opening to the use of the adults specifically. Actually this doesn’t mean that kids are not allowed in, but it is used more by the adults, and the last courtyard is the back courtyard and here the courtyard is for the use of the oldest person. Again, this doesn’t mean that only the grandfathers will be experience the space, however if one enters to this open space then he will have to be very careful and his attitude should be proper because of the Chines tradition. Briefly, every time we get more in to the house, because the users change, the courtyards privacy level change in a similar paralality. Everytime we move to the next courtyard, the space shared will become more private, I mean while the outer courtyard was shared by many, the inner courtyard will be used more by an individual.

Let me briefly explain how I adopted the situation to my design. So because there is a transition space which connects the off-limits of the house to the inside the house, I also have an open space which is in the borders of the house, but doesn’t directly share a spatial relations with the inner spaces. The interior is not visible from the entrance, but still there is the sense of being inside the house and being safe. So, being in that transition space and waiting outside of the borders, there is still a difference, even you don’t directly interact with the inner spaces.

That transition space directs the inhabitants to the main courtyard which acts like outer courtyard. In my design, the main courtyard is shared by many people. It isn’t for the use of an individual, and at the very end of the house, there are courtyards which is used by individuals. For this condition, Town House will also be supportive. 

Saltman House

Saltzman House by Richard Meier

Composition

From my point of view, the spaces were created by subtraction, however two different ways of subtraction. One is mass was taken out, so interior was visible from outside and to provide that visual consistency, a transparent material, glass was used. Because glass doesn’t have a quality of high durability, transportation of the force was done with the columns. One other way of subtraction is done with the left over mass, you can think it as a second round of subtraction. Therefore, this  way the inner spaces with high encloser was created, and because there were partition walls,  the transportation of weight wasn’t a big problem to consider. The sketches above explains what I mean.

One other reference I took was from Town House. In Town House there is again spatial organization done to differentiate spaces. One way was detaching the space from the main spaces.

Town HouseSection_2

Town House by Elding Oscarson

Because my design wasn’t finished I couldn’t work on their spatial interaction very much and the model is not very good for explaining the order of the courtyards, however this is so far what I have done. I will start to work on the site and try to adopt my design to several sites. In my next post I will also add the sections and plans of post pre jury model. I also need to clarify that I have doubts about naming my open spaces as courtyards. I’ll think about it during the process. 

Pre Jury

In my previous post, I talked about the references  took and how I integrated them. In addition to all that, while I was preparing for my prejury, I wanted to break the prefect rectangular form I attained to the design. In the design, the interior spaces distinguish by the quality how inhabitants share that space: in some a space can by shared  by numerous amount of people, while in some a space can be experimented only by one individual.

One other project I refered to was Atrium House by Erkut Şahinbaş. I need to permit that I miss understood some points of this project and realised what was really happening after analyses I did after the prejury. So let me briefly explain what I had in my mind. Atruim House’s main concept of was to create a living environment within a large atrium. It brings the daily life outside. The courtyard gains a big importance at this stage. So, every space was opening to the atrium, however once one passes the entrance, he doesn’t have any choice of not experiencing the courtyard every time moving to one other  space. But I only considered courtyard as the common space, wasn’t really aware of the other situation I claimed. In my design, the courtyard was connected not to the terrace at the first floor from the inner house. The reason behind that approach is to empower the relations in between the nature and the man-made structure. Indeed, all the spaces were opening to the courtyard.

plan

Plan of ground floor and first floor

elevation

Elevations

section

Sections and Top view

One project I took reference from was the Wohnhaus am Hainer Weg. The house is placed on a narrow site, so there was the need of producing a slim building. It has a simple form with a slopped roof. The architect claims that they had a propaganda “House in the house.”, and this is provided by one other layer which surrounds the wooden cubic house. The situation was what I found really interesting in Wohnhaus am Hainerweg. Both concrete and wood is used, however concrete is covering the wooden house like a blanket. The inner garden, the roof, is very original approach. The ground of the roof garden is wood and it is covered with a concrete roof. The approach of creating an inner space which is also an outer space can be analysed and quoted to the project of mine. So, the concrete surface was creating an open space in between the hardwood. I took this spatial feature and used wooden stripes as external bliss from the top which also acts as a roof and specifies the terrace.

One other project I refered to was Atrium House by Erkut Şahinbaş. I need to permit that I miss understood some points of this project and realised what was really happening after analyses I did after the prejury. So let me briefly explain what I had in my mind. Atruim House’s main concept of was to create a living environment within a large atrium. It brings the daily life outside. The courtyard gains a big importance at this stage. So, every space was opening to the atrium, however once one passes the entrance, he doesn’t have any choice of not experiencing the courtyard every time moving to one other  space. But I only considered courtyard as the common space, wasn’t really aware of the other situation I claimed. In my design, the courtyard was connected not to the terrace at the first floor from the inner house. The reason behind that approach is to empower the relations in between the nature and the man-made structure. Indeed, all the spaces were opening to the courtyard.

One other housing project catched my attention was Town House project  by Edilgin Oscarson. In Town House, spaces were separated, from my point of view,  by circulation. If look based on circulation, let me say the bed room the second floor is the last space one will experience. Therefore, shared spaces are placed at the lower floor, where as the individual spaces where placed on top of the others. There is one space which creates a contrast to what I said and that space is the one which is detached from the rest, the studying room. In my design by taking reference from this project,  I reflected the idea of being individual space and being the last space to experience, to the spaces where people were spending time along.

 

Breaking the rectangular form was going anable one to experience and enrich newer relations both in the interior spaces and exterior spaces. So to do that I took references from few houses, just to be able to understand what does were going to provide.

Altair House is one of the very interesting houses. It is located in CAP-A-L’AIGLE and the construction finished in 2016.  The architects are Bourgeois/Lechasseur Architects. Altair means “The Flying Eagle” and what makes the house stand out is the V-shaped and long facades that are suspended over nature. It is isolated from the street and it has strong interconnection with the nature. It also is placed near a river, so the house has a beautiful view to depict. Also, the long glass façade enriches the visual relations acquired by framing the river in different perspectives. The living spaces on the second floor aren’t divided or separated with partition walls, so the spatial sense experienced when viewing the horizon without being interrupted is very special. The position of the decks and the terraces provide the inhabitants to experience a big variety of view. This is enriching the visual experiences.  Briefly, that V shaped plane not only provides lightness to the house and that flying sense, but also it enriches the visual experiences.

One other house very interesting is Minergie. Minergie is designed by Christian von Düring Architecte in Tannay. It is 257 square metre two blocked house. There connection is provided with both inner spaces and outer spaces. In design, this house looks very similar with Townhouse. In Townhouse, there was also two blocks and in between them there was a garden. Here, in Minergie in between two blocks there is a space for parking cars. However, the house has a strong interconnection with the nature. Maybe, this might be the reason behind of designing a parking rather than a garden. There is also again a similar approach seen in a parting the spaces where inhabitants spend time along, individually. The bedrooms were placed on the first floor, while spaces where people spend time together was arranged on the ground floor such as kitchen, living room and dining room. Placing the upper block perpendicular with the blocks beneath it enriches the visual relation in between the inner spaces, the house, and the nature, outer spaces. There is an approach of Le Corbusier’s long uninterrupted windows. These do not block the view, so it also empowers the visual connection. On the ground level the glass facade which are also working as doors are enabling both visual connection and move mantel experience. Because the two blocks on the ground level isn’t aligned, their positioning emerges opportunities of newer spatial relations.

For further information: Initial trials

Need to admit that in my design the references I refered was analysed focusing more on function and this was not enriching the spaces I had. So my next post is going to be mainly about empowering and enriching spatial qualities. Also, referring to the critics I had till today, my design should be more abstract.

Initial trials

Last Tuesday I had my first pre jury, and I’m sorry to delay. I’ll be informing you about the process in 2 different post, one as Initial Trials and the other as Prejury preparation.

As you know from my previous post, I was studying several case studies to understand the spatial organisation. While making analyses about the spaces, circulation also started to gain importance. Meanwhile, I started to distinguish spaces, not calling them as private and public, but like “people where spent time individually” and “people where share time together”. Also need to claim that, I realised number of people and the profile of the living habitats were also important, however for now, we weren’t responsible of defining the background information of the owners of the house.

I had great interest towards tiny and narrow houses, thus those specific features gave a start to my design. My design, if we eliminate the gardenish courtyard, has a narrow shaped plan, however since that kind of elimination isn’t possible, I have to define the plan as a wide one.

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Elevation of my design

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Floor plans and the top view

One other housing project catched my attention was Town House project  by Edilgin Oscarson. In Town House, spaces were separated, from my point of view,  by circulation. If look based on circulation, let me say the bed room the second floor is the last space one will experience. Therefore, shared spaces are placed at the lower floor, where as the individual spaces where placed on top of the others. There is one space which creates a contrast to what I said and that space is the one which is detached from the rest, the studying room. In my design by taking reference from this project,  I reflected the idea of being individual space and being the last space to experience, to the spaces where people were spending time along.

Town HouseSection_2

Section from the Town House

One other project I refered to was Atrium House by Erkut Şahinbaş. I need to permit that I miss understood some points of this project and realised what was really happening after analyses I did after the prejury. So let me briefly explain what I had in my mind. Atruim House’s main concept of was to create a living environment within a large atrium. It brings the daily life outside. The courtyard gains a big importance at this stage. So, every space was opening to the atrium, however once one passes the entrance, he doesn’t have any choice of not experiencing the courtyard every time moving to one other  space. But I only considered courtyard as the common space, wasn’t really aware of the other situation I claimed. In my design, the courtyard was connected not to the terrace at the first floor from the inner house. The reason behind that approach is to empower the relations in between the nature and the man-made structure. Indeed, all the spaces were opening to the courtyard.

coll.01

Elevations and sections

coll.03.png

Elevations and sections

One other project I took reference from was the Wohnhaus am Hainer Weg. The house is placed on a narrow site, so there was the need of producing a slim building. It has a simple form with a slopped roof. The architect claims that they had a propaganda “House in the house.”, and this is provided by one other layer which surrounds the wooden cubic house. The situation was what I found really interesting in Wohnhaus am Hainerweg. Both concrete and wood is used, however concrete is covering the wooden house like a blanket. The inner garden, the roof, is very original approach. The ground of the roof garden is wood and it is covered with a concrete roof. The approach of creating an inner space which is also an outer space can be analysed and quoted to the project of mine.

Wohnhaus am Hainer Weg

Wohnhaus am Hainerweg / JOP Architekten

Wohnhaus am Hainer Weg_02

Wohnhaus am Hainerweg / JOP Architekten

So, the concrete surface was creating an open space in between the hardwood. I took this spatial feature and used wooden stripes as external bliss from the top which also acts as a roof and specifies the terrace.

What If?

One other project I am still working on is What If? project. From research I’ve done on Glass House by Philip Johnson, the construction of the house finished in 1949 and the architect claims that it was an inspration of Mis van der Rohe’s Glass House. The house has an open floor plan. Glass, black steel pears and stock H-beams are used as material. Cylinder brick structure is the only space that do not expose to exterior space and the other parts of the house has a very strong connection with nature. There are one opening placed at the middle of each elevation. The floor is made of red brick and it is rased 10 inches from the ground. It is also ample of light because of transparent material. There is one main door-that means one main enterance-, however those centrally located doors create alternative accesses. The house is also isolated from the humans.

WhatIfSketchProblem_01

There is no walls for seperating rooms, however the bedroom is isolated from the living space by a bookshelf. The bookshelf becomes cabinets at the other side. Thus, even the house itself isn’t isolated from the nature, the bedroom is seperated to create a private area.

WhatIfSketchProblem_02

Other works of Johnson around the Glass House.

WhatIfSketchProblem_mix01

Azuma House by Tadoa Ando

So, the project was placing the Glass House on Azuma House’s site. To do this, we also need information of the Azuma House and how it was related with the surronding. Azuma House is designed by Tadoa Ando in 1976 and it is a small narrow concrete house. It has 2 floors and it is isolated from its surronding. The isolation is caused by the concrete closed box. There is no openings on the elevations. It has only one opening from the terrace for light source and one openning,  the door, for access to inner spaces. There is only one circulation and the last space we end up is the bedroom. So what I get from this senerio is the most private space is the bedroom. The lower floor contains the living spaces and the upper level is private in this sense. Because

WhatIfSketchProblem_mix02

If I was suppose to place Glass House to Azuma House’s site, I would have a 2 floored contrete house both with a garden and a terrace. The living room, kitchen and the toilet will be in the first floor and the bathroom and the bedroom will be on the second floor. So for me, I would like to have a privacy in my bedroom. Reasoning it to that, placing it on the second floor is more propar like it is seperated in Glass House. There will be one access, however to different circulations. Both circulation will end up in the bedroom, one will be a direct access and on the other circulation, one will have to pass all the way the first floor and climb the stairs and the terrace and eventually to the bedroom. There is also a garden at the end of the apartment refering to ANH House. There is also access of light from a big openning, one similar approach done in Azuma House. Refering to Glass House, the kitchen, livingroom and the studying room will share a common space.

 

WhatIfSketchProblem_06

My Design

Please check the link for more details of Promenade House.