Today is 11th of March, a wonderful sunny Saturday. You may think blogging is ridiculous, however the project so far is very enjoyable. So, let me start explaining how I came to this current situation from the very begining.
As I told you in my previous post, I was searching nine case studies. You can see the list of them from this link: First attempts of collaging The phrases given wasn’t that complicated to work with, but as everybody I also did struggle a bit till I engage them both together and with my case studies. The phrases I was assigned were: undecided and introverted corners.
My first trial didn’t went very succesful, because I mainly focused on the terminology of the phrases and didn’t try to relate them very much with the assigned case studies. The orange circle on the collage above is showing the introverted corners and the grey circle is explaining being undecided. Introverted corners on the collage is very obvious, however clarifying what I ment by undecided will be useful. Because I didn’t really focus on the intention of the phrases with the case studies, it is total a misunderstanding. Briefly, in Wall House 2, there was a functional blocking. Every room, each have different functions, were separated as one mass. Microloft Yarasa recidence, as the name implies, is a loft and in lofts rooms share spaces. Referring to Glass House by Philips Johnson, there was also same approach. So, in Yarasa, the kitchen and the livingroom was in same rectangular border, however each was defined clearly so we were able to say, ” Yeap, this part of the big room is for dinning and here we sit on the comfy sofa.”. In the collage, this is reflected as combining different functional spaces and analysing them. Actually, there is no direct way of analysing them, but the approach was to make think what would be the result if kitchen and the livingroom was sharing the same borders. I am not going to make it any longer 😀 So let me explain my 3dimensional diagram.
In the 3dimensional diagram, referring to the 2dimensional diagram, again I focused on the meanings of the phrases, so it didn’t went right. The image above is reflecting my thoughts about being undecided. So, it looks like an illusion. From one elevation, only the cube with extracted mass is seen, however on the directly opposite elevation, only the extracted mass is displayed. The image below is for the introverted corner condition. No explanation is needed I guess, the approach is very similar with the 2dimensional diagram.
After all discussion sessions, I went for second trial. I knew I miss understood few things, so this time rather than focusing on the case studies, I tried to understand what the phrases were and tried to interact them together.
What was evoking when I hear “undecided”? What is being undecided? It’s like not being able to choice one or eliminate one from other. It’s like not being able to say YES neither NO. It’s not like GREY, not something in the middle; it was more like BLACK and WHITE. A CONTRAST.
Maybe contrast isn’t the best definition, but let it stay as CONTRAST for now.
How about “introverted corners”? I am still not sure about this phrase, but I do have some ideas. Looking through internet helped me to understand what a corner would be like if it was introverted. OK, I did look through the meaning from the dictionary and analyse the phrase by a parting it as intro-verted and tried to understand it that way, however I couldn’t visually imagine it. But after the search I’ve done through the web… Assume a rectangle or it doesn’t have to be a specific shape. Assume one shape’s corner, so if you apply force to that corner from the sharp edge, then that corner will be deformed and it will be bended toward the inner side of the shape. I hope I am clear about my thoughts of the phrase introverted corners. By this action, one would have more defined two spaces, two spaces with different perception. Because again, just imagine yourself being inside that shape, that 3 dimensional shape. In inner side and in the outer side, even the spaces share the same wall, because the form of the wall is different from either one side, the sense of the space will also differ. Therefore, I guess it is OK to suppose introverted corners as space perception.
Therefor, in my second approach, I defined undecided as contrast and I defined introverted corners as space perception, even space perception doesn’t seem a very good definition. The last step was to somehow combine these two phrases. While I was analysing the case studies, also referring to the phases given, I tried to look for opposite spacial approaches done by the architects. So, before explaining the collage I produced to reflect my ideas, I suppose it would be better to introduce the case studies briefly.
Villa Malapate is designed by Alberto Libera in 1928 and it is in Italy. It is a mix of modern and classical architecture. This house sits on top of a cliff and only access is by foot climbing the stairs hidden by the rocks- or sailing by a boat. The material used is taken out from the island. As you can see, it is very difficult to reach and isolated from the public.
Saltzman House is designed by Richard Meier. Because Meier is influenced from Le Corbusier, we can see few traces of Corbu’s ideals. It is a very minimalist work. As Le Corbusier did, Meier also used the benefit of absolute whiteness, geometric composition and prominence of light. It is 3 storied structure. There is an adjoin guest home. Meier clarifies that from a distance the cubic composition becomes a 2D shape.
Wall House 2 is designed by John Hejduk. It is in Netherlands. This house was the one I was very influenced of, because I have never seen a functional organization like this one. There is a very strong inner and outer space relationship. The architect also made use of flat dimension and pure volumes. From his this approach, we can say that he also was very influenced by Mis van der Rohe and Le Corbusier. There is also very strong horizontal and vertical axis and its organization. I don’t want to give lots of information about the house, but the grey dominant wall plays an important role in organization of the volumes and public-semipublic-private spaces.
Glass Shutter House is a design of Shigeru Ban. From the materials used in this house, the privacy is balanced by the help of the shutter. These shutters are one we are not familiar with. They start from very top of the house and can be opened until it touches to the ground. There is also a thick curtain under it. Ban didn’t want to isolate the house from the neighbors, so he used similar forms with the surrounding structures. The house contains both public spaces, semi-public spaces and private spaces. The privacy is increasing in each floor till the terrace.
Villa Savoye is a famous house designed by Le Corbusier. It is a modern architecture of 20th century and it is depicting the “5 points of architecture” and the quote of Corbu’s : A house is a machine. The house seems like floating in the air, because it is elevated with the pilotis and the lower level is painted to green. Painting it to green is one way of creating an illusion, because the house is near a forest and the green cylinder is being comuflated. With the ribbon windows, the interior space and the exterior space is balanced very good in terms of creating privacy. Ramps slow down the motion and help the visitors to experience the differences of the new space they end up.
Moriyama Apartments are designed by SANAA. There are more than 10 volumes and each have different accommodation. They are each independent, however gardens in between them help them to share.
So let me come back to the collage.
The last step was to somehow combine these two phrases. While I was analysing the case studies, also referring to the phases given, I tried to look for opposite spacial approaches done by the architects. For example both in Villa Savoye and in Wall House 2, the architect uses illusion in his design. In Villa Savoye, the house appears to be floating, because the forest at the background and the green painted lower level is dissolving and becoming a part of the forest. In Wall House 2, there is similar approach. There is again illusion, but this time it is against the nature. The grey wall which is a great vertical dominance in Wall House 2, is the creation of the moment-al illusion. So if you look to the house facing the east elevation, you won’t see the west elevation because of the dominant grey wall and because it is very dominant element, there is no camouflage between the natural sources and the man-made sources.
In Wall House 2, there are several masses. One who doesn’t know the project will see each mass as one flat; however after experiencing the inside, it is clear that each mass is responding to the need of different functions. However, in Villa Malaparte, because there is a single mass, one who is analysing the house from outside will have similar thought as he would towards his own 2 roomed house. Briefly, exterior spatial perception, there is a contrast in between the houses by using mass and function. In Wall House 2, there are several masses with different functions, however in Villa Malaparte,there is only one mass and all the need is provided with only one.
One more contrast I depicted in my college was in between Glass Shutter House and Atrium Evi. In Atrium Evi, Erkut Şahinbaş’s aim was to create a living environment within a large atrium formed inside a steep valley in Bodrum. The house is open to the nature. It is not interrupted with any other forces, unnatural forces. However in Glass Shutter House, even the shutters are providing some privacy, once you bring down the shutters all the way down one facade, you inhibit the relationship between the nature and the public. Therefore, the house becomes isolated from its surrounding and plus from the nature and the public. For both cases, the way you feel in the space is in its maximum level. So in Atrium Evi, one feel very free, while in Glass Shutter House, if the shutters are closed one will feel very claustrophobic.
However, this collage doesn’t have 3D diagram, because while I was producing it, a better idea came to my mind and started note-ing down. So, there is no change on undecided. However, I added up on introverted corners. After applying a force to one corner, then eventually that corner will deform and it will somehow create two spaces. We are OK I guess till this point. You know Gestalt principles, using the closer definition, there will be two spaces cut through a very distinct borders, however there still something in common in between those two. If we combine the two phrase given, it will be OK to say that two different things can integrate with each other. I still have doubts about sentece-ing it, however the examples will make it more clear to understand it.
- In Villa Sovaye, by the help of pilotis, the structure is elevated from the ground level. This is a way of extracting it from the nature. On the other hand, one other principle of 5 points of architecture is terrace gardening. So, plating greens on the terrace will bring the nature to the man-made product.
- In Villa Malaparte, the structure is distinguished from the nature by itts form. However, the used material is taken from the site it is placed on. Therefor, it is interacting with nature.
- In Atrium House, again as in Villa Malaparte, the form is isolating the structure from the nature. However, the architects approach by combining the nature with different functional spaces is attaching nature back.
- Moriyama House is very open to public. There is no fences and there are lots of big windows. So this is, from my perspective, a way of connecting people to the nature. However, the architect tried to bring privacy in between apartments by a great arrangement of windows. So, one won’t see the in side of the other apartment.
- Last of all, in Glass House there is a similar approach. Architect of the house didn’t want to distinguish the structure from the others, so he used similar cubic form and storefront shutter facade. The shutters adapt to the surrounding. However, on the other hand, if the shutters are brought down till it touches the ground, it isolates itself from the nature by creating a great privacy.
The black cardboard is representing the nature and the brown cardboard volumes are representation of structures. The 3D diagram is no different from the 2D diagrammatic collage.