Humanism had the biggest impact on Italian architecture. By that time, when Renosans was born, medicints inspired others to pursue the basics of the design principles. Young were educated according to this view and they were exposed to Greek and Latin sources of history, science, philosophy, art and poetry.By the way, humanistic art wa s inspired from the ingenuity of the Tuscan poets Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio and this help humanism to spread. However I want to point a question I found important: Because of humanism, there wasn’t any level difference in the society. At least, this is the massage given, but can it be possible when the bigger part of the society is the wealthy group?
The Dome of Florence
In this are, almost all of the public buildings made use of the rounded arches, symmetrically placed bays and harmonious proportions based on whole numbers like 1:1, 1:2 and 2:3 such as the Dome of Florence including the public space now called Palazzo Vecchio, the new cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the public market of Or San Michele, city walls and bridges. After the architectural renewals in Florence, a new prospect was born: treating buildings as free-standing objects in a proportional space.
Actually, the dome gains bigger importance here, because the dome Filippo has designed is a big invention in hoisting a new machine for raising the masonry required for the dome. The dome contains over 4 million bricks and the structure rests on a drum not on the roof itself, this allowed the dome to be built without the need for scaffolding from the ground. I guess because this dome is very complex one structurally, it is normal that it was for the architects to struggle, but I think the structural system of the dome can be a great example.
The Back Death in 1348 was the period of economic crisis, and relating to the chaos, there was a major decline in the number of velty citizens, and population was mostly the city’s cloth merchants and bankers. As a result, public and private art gained importance and develop incredibly.
Briefly Palaza Vecchio: The oldest part of the Palaza Vecchio was built-in between 13th and 14th century by Arnolfo di Cambio. Later on, the addited parts of the plaza changed the scale of the rear part of the palace, without however modifying the massive appearance of the huge blocks, projecting gallery and asymmetrical tower. On the facade, above the door, there is a medallion with the monogram of Christ between two lions in a blue field, surmounted by a gable. The first entrance courtyard with white and gilded stucco work, redecorated with frescoes in the 16th century, owes its elegant structure to the second half of the 15th century. The courtyard opens on to the ancient Armoury now frequently used by the Town Council to organise exhibitions. On the first floor the grandiose Salone dei Cinquecento, a work by Cronaca can be seen. The walls of the hall, originally decorated by Michelangelo and Leonardo, owe their present-day monumental appearance to Vasari and his pupils and date back to the second half of the 16th century. The panelled ceiling, the frescoes on the walls, the Udienza, the sculptures of De Rossi featuring the Deeds of Hercules contribute to the complex and rich symbolism and offer a precise historical view of the glorious past of the Medici family. (Take a look to Palazzo Vecchio and Piazza Signoria for more details.)