The history of architecture is a very interesting topic, because we get the opportunity to study prehistoric human activities and actions related to art and architecture. One other reason why I found it very rich is because you can also compare today and ancient eras.
Relating to A Global History of Architecture written by M. Jarzombek, F.D.K. Ching and V. Prakash, I have just started gaining a similar view about history of architecture. In the book, it is told that humans traveled starting from Africa to all over the world and by that time they improved both mentally and physically, and I think this big improvement in human being is the biggest reason in improvement of architecture. Because tribes were moving from one place to another, they were also leaving all their hand-skills for the next local and once they find the best place to survive, they do similar art works. This is why some cave drawings are alike. On the other hand, because each tribe did not develop at the same period, so we shouldn’t be surprised seeing small differences .
From the data we have today, we can say that there was no examples and there was no model to be inspired for the ancient people and thus, they started learning every small basic information by themself. They searched the best place to survive, they tried to protect themselves from the nature, both from the wild animals and poisoned plants. In time, by hunting and gathering, they realised the benefit of settlements. Their for, again in time, their understanding of home has changed from cave to hut.
Hut is a kind of settlement used for gathering lots of people after hunting. If we look through several hunts in different societies, we can observe that the way it has been used did not changed even there is difference in used materials. I think huts are good examples for seeing improvement in architecture, because after the invention of huts, people realised the need of having spaces for different functions. Çatalhöyük is the best example we can observe the change of the idea in settling. Basically, in Çatalhöyük, there are small boxes, all for different purposes and these boxes came together to create a big mass. There is no entrance from the ground level and the only way to get in is from the roof which is also used for transforming. This is why the houses were variations of rectangular prisms rather than the combination of a cube and a dome.
Last thing I want to point out is the Stone Circles. Similar evaluation can be observed here again. Stone circles were used to gather lots of people in one specific location. In time, once the locals of the circle stones leave and the new locals arrive, that zone goes through a renewal. From the researches, the circlar shape and the functions have changed in time.